|Title of the article||The Biography of Samoilo Velychko, the Author of the Famous Cossack’s Chronicle|
|In the section||Fontes / Historical Sources|
|Type of article||RAR||Index UDK; BBK||94(477); 63.3(4Укр)46||DOI||10.21638/11701/spbu19.2016.206|
|Abstract||In this article our imaginary and true knowledge of the biography of the author of the well-known Cossack chronicle Samoilo Velichko are investigated. On the basis of the analysis of a historiography the history of emergence of myths, and also the most famous versions of the biography of Velichko is shown. For example, we study the circumstances of the termination of his service in General office of Zaporizhian Army. The author introduces new archival documents from the Russian governmental archive of ancient arts and from the archive of the Institute of History of Russian Academy of Art in St. Petersburg and represents own interpretations of various facts. As a result, we obtain more exact data on study, a social origin, marital status, and also the «misfortune» which has happened to Velichko and put an end to his career of the army bureaucrat. Contrary to the most popular opinion in the historiography it is now possible to take for granted that Velichko didn’t lose his position after V. Kochubey’s disgrace, but remained on service up to his capture in December, 1708. And moreover, he was in army of the hetman I. Mazepa after he joint Swedes. The detailed analysis of the military company of November–December, 1708 allow to make the assumption of circumstances of «misfortune» which happened to S. Velichko. Most likely, he was taken prisoner in Romnakh, during the urgent departure of I. Mazepa’s troops from there. Besides, the revealed documents confirm availability of close ties of Velichko with Zaporizhian Host and in particular with the Host’s clerk G. Bovguley. And it is only the myth that S. Velichko taught V. Kochubey’s children.|
|Keywords||Cossack’ chronicles, S. Velychko, Russian Governmental archive of Ancient Acts, Ukraine, Ukrainian Hetmanate, Cossack’s history|
|Full text version of the article.||Article language||Russian|
Bagalіy, Dmitro Іvanovich. Naris ukrainskoy іstorіografіi: Dzhereloznavstvo [EssayofUkrainianhistoriography: the Study of Sources]. Issue 2. Kyiv: Ukrainian Academy of Science Press,1925. 108 p. (in Ukrainian).
Bovgirya, Andrіy. Іstorіopisannya ta suspіl’na svіdomіst’ Get’manshchinі XVII–XVIII st. [Historical works and public consciousness of Hetmanate in the 17th–18th centuries], in Distsiplіnarnі vimіri ukrains’koy іstorіografіi. Kyiv: Institute of History of Ukraine Press, 2015. P. 9–62 (in Ukrainian).
Dzirа, Yaroslav Іvanovich. Samіylo Velichko ta yogo lіtopis [Samiylo Velichko and his chronicle], in Іstorіografіchni doslіdzhennya v Ukrains’kіy RSR. Issue 4. Kyiv: Naukova dumka Publ., 1971. P. 198–223 (in Ukrainian).
Doroshenko, Dmitro Іvanovich. Oglyad ukrains’koy іstorіografii [Review of Ukrainian historiography]. Kyiv: Ukrainoznavstvo Publ., 1996. 255 p. (in Ukrainian).
Ikonnikov, Vladimir Stepanovich. Opyt russkoy istoriografii [Experience of Russian historiography]. Vol. 1. Book 2. Kyiv: University of St. Volodimir Print., 1908. 1054 p. (in Russian).
Klepatskiy, Pavlo Grigorovich. Lіtopis Samіyla Velichko [Chronicle of Samiylo Velichko]. Poltava, 1926 (typewriting). 76 p. (inUkrainian).
Krivoshiya, Volodimir. Genealogіya ukrains’kogo kozatstva. Narisi іstorіi kozats’kikh polkіv [Genealogy of the Ukrainian Cossacks. Essays of history of Cossack regiments]. Kyiv: Stilos Publ., 2002. 396 p. (inUkrainian).
Marchenko, Mikhaylo Іvanovich. Ukrains’ka іstorіografіya vіd davnіkh chasіv do seredini XIX st. [Ukrainian historiography from old times to the middle of the 19th century], in Eidos. Issue 3. Kyiv: Institute of History of Ukraine Press, 2009. 483 p. (inUkrainian).
Mitsik, Yuriy. Zaporoz’kі litsarі bulavi [Zaporoz’kiknights ofmace], in Ukrains’ka kozats’ka derzhava. Kyiv: Yemma Publ., 2007. 1215 p. (inUkrainian).
Petrovs’kiy, Mikola. Psevdo-dіyarіush S. Zorki [False diary of S. Zorka], in Zapiski іstoriko-fіlologіchnogo vіddіlu UAN.Vol. XVII. Kyiv: Ukrainian Academy of Science Press, 1928. P. 161–204 (inUkrainian).
Petrikevich, Vіktor. Lіtopis’ Samіyla Velichka a «Woyna Domowa» Samіyla Tvardovskogo[ChronicleofSamijloVelychka and«Woyna Domowa» ofSamijlo Tvardovskiy]. Ternopіl’: Drukarnya Podіl’ska Publ., 1910. 48 p. (inUkrainian).
Plokhy,Serhii. TheOriginsoftheSlavicNations. Premodern Identities in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 380 p.
Shevchuk, Valerіy Oleksandrovich. Samіylo Velichko ta yogo lіtopis [SamiyloVelychko andhischronicle], in Zbіrnik kozatskikh lіtopisіv. Kyiv: Dnіpro Publ., 2006. P. 194–210 (inUkrainian).
Shutoy, Veniamin Efimovich. Klassovaya bor’ba v period narodnoy voyny na Ukraine v 1708–1709 gg. [Class struggle in the period of folk war on Ukraine in 1708–1709], in Izvestiya akademii nauk SSSR. Seriya istorii i filosofii. 1949. Vol. VI. № 4. C. 312–322 (in Russian).
Sobol’, Valentina. Lіtopis Samіyla Velichka yak yavishche ukrainskogo lіteraturnogo baroko[Chronicle of Samiylo Velychko as a phenomenon of the Ukrainian literary baroque]. Donetsk: Otechestvo Publ., 1996. 334 p. (inUkrainian).
Sysyn, Frank E.The Cossack Chronicles and the Development of Modern Ukrainian Culture and National Identity, in Harvard Ukrainian Studies. 1990. Vol. 3–4. P. 593–607.
Sysyn, Frank E.The Nation of Cain: Poles in Samiilo Velychko’s Skazanye, in Synopsis. A collection of essays in honour of Zenon E. Kohut. Edmonton; Toronto: CIUS Publ., 2005. P. 443–455.
Tarle, Evgeniy Viktorovich. Severnaya voyna [Northen war]. Moscow: AST Publ.; AST Moskva Publ., 2009. 702 p. (in Russian).
Vechers’kiy, Vіktor. Get’mans’kіstolitsіUkraini[The hetman’s capitals of Ukraine]. Kyiv: Nash chas Publ., 2008. 318 p. (in Ukrainian).
Tags: Russian Governmental archive of Ancient Acts, Ukrainian Hetmanate, Cossack’s history, FONTES / HISTORICAL SOURCES, Cossack’ chronicles, S. Velychko