Shinakov, E. A. What «Slavic tribe» is? Answering the editorial questions of «Studia Slavica et Balcanica Petropolitana»

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Title of the article What «Slavic tribe» is? Answering the editorial questions of «Studia Slavica et Balcanica Petropolitana»
Authors Shinakov, Evgeniy Aleksandrovich — Doctor in History, Professor, Bryansk State University, Bryansk, Russia, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., Scopus ID 55251705400, SPIN-код 7849-9041, AuthorID 481530
In the section Disputatio / Discussion 
Year 2016 Issue 1 Pages 18-32
Type of article RAR Index DOI DOI 10.21638/11701/spbu19.2016.102 Index UDK, BBK УДК 94(367).012; ББК 63.3(2)41
Abstract The notions «tribe» and «tribal association» have been used by the archaeologists, including the author, for a long time to define the ethno-territorial communities (the Slavic ones of «antiquity» and Middle Ages as well), correlating with certain archaeological culture or its local branches. Meanwhile, these definitions do not cover the whole range of ethno-social and politico-potestary bodies, including synchro-stadial tribes and their associations. The Slavic tribes can be associated with the segmental lineages, basing on the African materials. «Chiefdoms» can be of different forms, including tribal association and complex ethno-potestary tribes with different forms of government and organization of power. The mechanism of emergence of tribal and supra-tribal structures, which are essential for these bodies, are different, but limited (about ten) and range in various Slavic and Germanic groups. A retinue can be a consolidating factor, but on the supra-tribal level. In Ancient Rus’ it served as a tool during the period of the «early state» consolidation, which transformed local tribal associations — «Sklavinias» — into a new «supra-complex chiefdom» in the second half of the tenth century. The Slavic community of the Middle Ages was unified by the kindred languages and dialects, and by nothing else, except the consciousness of the educated high-ranked clergymen — the authors of the chronicles and annals.
Keywords tribe, tribal association, chiefdom, lineage, mechanisms of polito-genesis
Full text version of the article. Article language Russian
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Tags: tribe, chiefdom, tribal association, lineage, mechanisms of polito-genesis, DISPUTATIO / DISCUSSION, SHINAKOV E. A.