Gorelik M. V. Muslim “pope” at the Muscovy throne (“Kazan crown” of Ivan the Terrible from the Armoury)

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Title of the article Muslim “pope” at the Muscovy throne (“Kazan crown” of Ivan the Terrible from the Armoury).
Authors Gorelik, Mikhail Viktorovich – Ph. D. in Art History, senior researcher, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
In the section Disputatio / Discussion
Year 2014 Issue 2 Pages 141-147
Type of article RAR Index UDK   Index BBK  
Abstract “Kazan crown” of Ivan the Terrible is saved in the Armoury in Moscow Kremlin. It symbolized his status as a ruler of the Kazan Khanate and an owner of Chingisides throne. This status legitimated his hew title “Tsar” In the 13th – 15th centuries the Chingisides only had the possibilities to bear this title. So, in the light of these circumstances it is very important and interesting to study regalia of  the Kazan Khanate. Modern Kazan scholars assumed, that the “Kazan crown” had been a trophy of Ivan the Terrible in 1552. The Author of paper supposes, that it is impossible. The crown has an unusual, specific form of tiara with three  aureoles. A similar form has the pope’s tiara only. We also have to find a similar crown at the Italian engravings of the second quarter of the 16th century. It was a portrait of Turkish sultan Sulejman Kanuni (Magnificent). We know, that it was a real crown, which symbolized the claims of Turkish sultans on the Italian Rome and Holy Roman Empire. This crown was made by Venetian master. Sulejman Kanuni was an idol of Ivan the Terrible. The Author surmises, that Tsar Ivan had ordered  a portrait of sultan, and then ― a crown as Sulejman owned. The masters, which made the crown, were Russians and Tatars.
Keywords “Kazan crown”, Ivan the Terrible, sultan Sulejman Kanuni, Kazan Khanate, pope’s tiara
Full text version of the article. Article language russian
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Tags: Ivan the Terrible, DISPUTATIO / DISCUSSION, pope’s tiara, Kazan Khanate, sultan Sulejman Kanuni, Kazan crown