Jerusalimski, Konstantin; Schwarcz, Iskra. Zhdan Kvashnin’s mission to the Holy Roman Empire: A study of the Russian-Imperial diplomatic relations

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Tags: Ivan the Terrible, Holy Roman Empire, Russian state, Moscovia, Emperor Rudolph II, Fontes / Historical Sources, YERALIMSLI K.YU., SCHWARSZ I.

Title of the article Zhdan Kvashnin’s mission to the Holy Roman Empire: A study of the Russian-Imperial diplomatic relations
Authors

Jerusalimski, Konstantin – Doctor of historical sciences, Professor, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Scopus ID 57203189594;

Schwarcz, Iskra – Ph. D. in History, Professor, Institute of Eastern European History, University of Vienna, Austria, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Scopus ID 57203182975
In the section Fontes / Historical Sources
Year 2018 Issue 1 Pages 71-104
Type of article RAR Index UDK; BBK UDK 327.82, 930.272; BBK 63.2, 63.3 Index DOI https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu19.2018.103
Abstract

Grant: The research is supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation (project No 16-18-10091).

Zhdan Ivanovich Kvashnin set out for his diplomatic mission to the Holy Roman Empire in 1577 as a second-rank ambassador with official and secret goals, especially in general to the maintaining of Ivan the Terrible’s peaceful relations with Emperor Rudolph II and to advocate a military alliancewith the latter to draw him into the war against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Crossing Europe Zhdan and his comrades, representatives of the Muscovite ruler, also had to hire European artisans for Ivan IV. Secret contacts of the ambassadors with Albrecht Laski and Hans Rueber were aimed at the military alliance with the Emperor to prepare a war against Stefan Batory and the restitution of the Moldavian throne. A wide range of sources led the authors to the conclusion that the mission was for the most part successful. The materials concerning the Muscovite embassy are added as appendices of the present article. These materials found in Vienna Archive and commented consist of Kvashnin’s “speech”, two credentials and Rudolph II’s recommendations letter for Johann Paulus for his travel to Ivan the Terrible. Besides, all available evidence on Zhdan Kvashnin’s biography has been collected and interpreted.

Keywords Emperor Rudolph II, Tsar Ivan IV, Russian state, Holy Roman Empire
Full text version of the article. Article language Russian
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